A vaccine is a drug derived from live, neutralized or dead microorganisms, toxins, or antigenic components of a microbial cell. it stimulates the production of its own antibodies in the body and the creation of immunity against a particular type or group of diseases.
Vaccine: an integral part of preventive medicine
The first year of a child’s life is associated with a high risk of developing infectious diseases, due to the immaturity of the immune system, which is why the main “shock vaccination” falls on this period.
In recent years, there has been a tendency to unreasonable refusals and false contraindications from vaccination, however, it is very difficult to independently understand this issue without having a medical education. Therefore, it is very important to trust the treating doctor, who knows the health features of your baby. The specialist will conduct a routine vaccination.
The efficacy of vaccination throughout the world is widely recognized – there is no other health care program that would bring such impressive results. Indeed, with the help of vaccine prevention, it is possible to prevent a significant number of deaths annually and save up to 4.5 million human lives!
The question of vaccination choice concerns each of us. Protecting your children from deadly infections, understanding the importance of vaccination is the responsibility of every parent.
Today, medicine has more than 100 vaccines for 40 infections and every decade brings new advances in vaccine prevention.
Different countries have their own national immunization schedules. In the USA, this calendar has been updated quite recently and provides for the mandatory protection of children against 12 infectious diseases:
- Hepatitis B;
- Whooping cough;
- Pneumococcal infection;
- Hemophilic infection (for children at risk).
Additional vaccinations for children and adults
Children are vaccinated in accordance with the National Vaccination Schedule. The vaccination schedule is the minimum, so-called mandatory scheme provided for all children of the country. Besides the mandatory vaccinations, there are others – additional, which are often no less necessary for the modern child. For example, vaccination against Hemophilus bacilli is provided by the vaccination schedule only for children from risk groups, although this infection is dangerous for any child under 5 years old since it causes meningitis, sepsis, pneumonia. It is advisable to protect the baby from meningococcal infections (from 1.5 years), from hepatitis A (after 1 year), chicken pox (from 12 months), rotavirus (from 6 weeks of age) and other infections. It is especially important to make these vaccinations before visiting preschool institutions, when preparing for trips abroad, as well as to frequently ill children and patients with chronic somatic diseases.
My Canadian Pharmacy recommends that you do not forget about vaccinating yourself. Not everyone knows that every adult should be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus every 10 years; annually – from the flu. Influenza vaccination is especially indicated for older people since it reduces morbidity and mortality from a heart attack, stroke, coronary heart disease, prevents the exacerbation of various chronic diseases, etc.
Young women who have not had rubella and chickenpox and have not previously been vaccinated should be vaccinated against these diseases before the birth of a healthy baby (at least 3 months before the onset of the desired pregnancy). After all, transferred chickenpox or rubella during the entire period of waiting for a baby can cause serious complications with the development of congenital deformities. Young people who did not suffer from mumps or who were not vaccinated against this infection in childhood should also be vaccinated against this infection, which can lead to male infertility. In addition, given the high prevalence, carrier state and the presence of hidden forms of hepatitis A and B, it is advisable to vaccinate all people from these infections, regardless of gender or age.
Traveling to endemic areas, you need to be vaccinated in advance against infections that are characteristic of the area (tick-borne encephalitis, typhoid fever, tularemia, yellow fever, etc.).